In Fernando de Noronha the predominant vegetation consists of typical
"agreste" (an area in northeast Brazil, a transition between the humid coast and the arid outbacks; see map of Pernambuco) species, which
loose their foliage in the dry season.
The Dry Wood, situated at the Sapata Point, represents 25%
of the whole trees and bushes of the main island. This vegetation
is used by the seafowl for making their nests.
The most important tree species
The only insular mangrove area in the South Atlantic deserves
special attention, has an area of 1500 m² and is situated
in the Sueste bay. This mangrove is water feeded by the
greatest collecting basin of the island, that is, the Maceió
Generically called as "jitiranas", the climbing plants
cover native bushes and trees in the rain period. There are 14
Brought in species
With the purpose of providing food for people and animals, various
fructiferous species were brought in by the colonizers and current
residents. The cashew, the "cajá" and the "pinha"
can be pointed out. Among the decorative species, the "flamboyant"
and the white "ipê" can be pointed out.