In 1988 the Decree no. 96.693 established the National Marine Reserve of Fernando de Noronha, which is subordinated to the Ibama (Brazilian Institute for the Enviroment Preservation). In the same year the new Brazilian Constitution reintegrated Fernando de Noronha to the State of Pernambuco.
The National Marine Reserve of Fernando de Noronha - PARNAMAR / FN (PARNAMAR means Parque Nacional Marinho, or Marine National Park) consists of 2/3 of the main island and reaches up to the point where the sea has the 50 m isobathic line. All secondary islands are included in the Reserve. Its total area is 112,7 km² and its perimeter 60 km long.
The purposes of the Reserve are to protect the representative samples of the terrestrial and marine ecosystem, to preserve the fauna, the flora and the remaining natural resources, to provide controlled opportunities for visiting, for leisure, for environmental education and for scientific researches, and also to contribute to the preservation of the historic sites.
Noronha is a Marine Reserve
protected by Brazilian Law
Inside the area of the Marine Park of Fernando de Noronha it is forbidden:
to fish (including undersea fishing), and to bear any equipment or material for this purpose;
to bring in animals and plants; to kill, to capture, to persecute and to feed animals;
to alter the vegetation and to collect seeds, roots and fruits; to collect shells, corals, stones, living animals or part of organisms;
to dive in the natural swimming pools of the Porcos Bay; to go down and to dive in the swimming pools of the Raquel Cavity and of the Caracas Point;
to visit the Leão Beach and the Sancho Bay between January and July from 06:00 PM up to 06:00 AM, due to the sea turtles ("aruanãs") spawning;
to swim and to dive with the dolphins, even outside the bay, and to stop boats in the proximity of the Dolphin Bay;
to stop boats, except for bathing in the Sancho Bay;
to throw away garbage, cigarretes and other debris;
to visit islands, islets and cliffs;
to camp, to stay overnight out of doors and to make fire in the main island;
to visit all areas of restricted use without permission;
to walk over the reefs in the Atalaia and Leão beaches, as well as in the Sueste Bay;
to write on or to dirty trees, rocks or advice plates;
to use paddles, tennis shoes, sun protector and similar articles in the Atalaia Beach;
to enter with non-licensed boats and vehicles;
to dive autonomously without the support of a licensed company.
Inside the Reserve there are five defined trails, which can be visited with a permission of IBAMA and accompanied by authorized guides:
Dolphins Trail (beginning and ending at Quixaba).
Sancho / Porcos Trail (beginning in the Cacimba do Padre beach; ending at the Sancho Bay).
Capim-açu Trail (open only from August to February. Beginning and ending at the Leão beach).
Farol Trail (steep and long route).
Pontinha / Pedra Alta Trail (beginning at the Caeira creek and ending at the Trinta Village).
In Portuguese: Leia mais sobre as principais cidades nas proximidades de Noronha:
João Pessoa |
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