Fernando de Noronha

History Timeline

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History

«Fernando de Noronha
«History and Archaeology
«History of Noronha

1500
Appears in the planisphere of Juan de la Cosa.
1502
Appears in the map of Cantino under the name "Quaresma".
1503
Discovered by Américo Vespúcio, a member of the Exploratory Expedition under the command of Gonçalo Coelho.
1504
Donated as a Hereditary Land Division to the portuguese nobleman FERNAN (or FERNÃO) de LORONHA, financier of the 1503 expedition.
1505
Rescue of the last survivors of the 1503 expedition by a ship coming from Normandy (ship of Binot Paulmier de Goneville).
1534
Landing of the german voyager Ulrich Schmidel, which remains there for some years.
1556
Landing of the French coming from Rio de Janeiro (Fr. André Thevet, fellow of Villeigagnon).
1558
Coasted by the French coming from Rio de Janeiro (Jean de Lèry, fellow of Villeigagnon).
1577
Landing of the English navigator Francis Drake, which tried to travel over the world.
1612
Landing for 15 days of the French going to Maranhão. (Fr. Claude d'Abeville, fellow of Daniel de la Touche, Sir of la Ravardière).
1619
Guarded by a portuguese expedition, which disembark on the island and describes it (Pedro de Castro).
1626
Landing of the Dutch, which stopped there for refreshing purposes.
1629 / 1654
Dutch ownership under the command of Corlizon Jol, the "Wood Leg".
1631
Hired to Michel de Pavw (name: "Pavônia").
1654
Delivery of the island after the dutch surrender in Pernambuco.
1700
Island ownership transferred to Pernambuco, which didn't anything to occupy it.
1736
Occupied by the French of the Oriental Indies Company, which settled down in it for one year (name: "Isle Delphine" or "Dauphine").


1737
Recovered by Pernambuco, construction of the Village and of the fortified system. Beginning of the Correctional Colony.
1739
All gypsies of Brazil, considered as "idlers", were banished to Fernando de Noronha.
1745
Passing of Juan and Ulloa (Spanish).
1760
Visit of a swedish ship. Report of Ekeberg.
1816
Passing of a french delegation. Debret paints the Pico Mount.
1817
Insurrection in Pernambuco. Consequence for Fernando de Noronha: loss of every built thing and all goods, withdrawn by João de Barros Falcão de Lacerda.
1819
Sending of indians from the settlements of Cimbres and Escada, for agricultural practices on the Island.
1824
Only in this year it was known in Fernando de Noronha that Brazil was independent from Portugal.
1823 / 1827
Administration by the Ministry of War.
1832
Visit of the scientist Charles Darwin. Description of the Island.
1844
Farroupilha revolutioners banished to Noronha.
1877 / 1891
Administration by the Ministry of Justice.
1890
All "capoeira" fighters of Brasil, considered as "rowdies", were banished to Fernando de Noronha.
1893
Installation of the British from the "South American Cables Ltd.".
1914
The concession of the undersea cables is transferred to the French (Cabo Submarino Francês).
1925
Installation of the Italian from Italcable (Cabo Submarino Italiano).
1927
Installation of the Cie. Générale Aeropostale, (predecessor of Air France).
1930 / 31
Operation of german and french airplanes of the South Air Mail.
1934
Construction by the Civil Aviation Department of the first airport runway in Fernando de Noronha.
1938
Delivery of the island to the Union for the installation of a Political Prison.
1942
Installation of the Mixed Detachment for the war activities in Noronha (World War II).
Installation of an american Navy Base near the Sueste Bay. The second airport runway is built.

Establishment of the Federal Territory of Fernando de Noronha:
1942 / 1981 - Army
1981 / 1986 - Air Force
1986 / 1987 - General Staff
1987 / 1988 - Ministry of Home Affairs

1946
Establishment in the island of a Detachment of the Brazilian Air Force for flight control and meteorological services.
1957 / 1965
Installation of the Americans in the Missile Observation Station, near Boldró.
1988
Establishmento of the National Marine Reserve in Fernando de Noronha. Reintegration to the State of Pernambuco, becoming a State District under the command of an administrator indicated by the State Governor.
2001
Designated by UNESCO as a "Site of the Natural World Patrimony", which title was handed over in 2002.
2003
500 years "discovery" celebration of the Fernando de Noronha Archipelago.





In Portuguese: Leia mais sobre as principais cidades nas proximidades de Noronha:
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